Sanda Rules

The rules for Sanda matches are as follows:

Each participant needs to hava a coach present during the match, and will only participate in 1 match.

Weight and age classes

The following weight and age classes are considered both for male and female participants.

Weight classes: ≤ 48, >48kg-≤52kg, >52kg-≤56kg, >56kg-≤60kg, >60kg-≤65kg, >65kg-≤70kg, >70kg-≤75kg, >75kg-≤80kg, >80kg-≤85kg, >85kg-≤90kg, >90kg.

Age classes: 12-14 years, 14-16 years, 18-24 years, 25-34 years, 35-42 years, 43-50 years, 51-57 years.

If after the weight measurement it appears that a classification is of a higher weight class than in the weight class specified by the participant, disqualification will follow.

At the discrection of the competition management, the weight classes can be adjusted based on the number of registered participants. The decisions of the competition management are final.

People that are 17 years old can be grouped in the 14-16 year category or the 18-24 year category, depending on weight and experience. Please contact the tournament organizers if this applies to you.

Conduct

  • The participant must be present 10 minutes before the scheduled group time to avoid unnecessary waiting and searching.
  • If the participant is not present at the scheduled playing time for him/her, disqualification will follow.

Clothing and Protection

  • Boxing gloves: participant wear regulation boxing gloves and these may be in any color. Underneath the gloves, the participant use hand wraps to help keep their fist in shape and prevent any injuries to the knuckles and wrist. Male contenstants wear 14oz gloves, female contestants 12oz gloves. No gloves with winds.
  • Footpads and chin guards: Because Sanda utilizes the feet as a striking weapon, pads are worn on the feet to protect them. This is a fundamental difference between Sanda and its close relative, Thai boxing, in which boxers do not wear foot pads (and are also allowed to strike with the knee and elbow).
  • Groin guards and mouth guards are also worn by all participants.
  • Full head guards should also be worn.
  • Sanda matches are barefoot.
  • Contestants should bring their own gear and will only be allowed to fight when all protective gear is worn.

Pool System

During the competition, a pool system per weight class and age class is used. Male and female participants have different pools. At the discrection of the competition management, the pool sizes can be adjusted based on the number of registered participants. The decisions of the competition management are final.

Depending on the number of participants, it may not be possible to match everybody with an opponent in a fair way. If it is not possible to match you, we will contact you and the registration fees will be returned to you.

Competition location

The fights are on a square of mats with a referee and judges.

The Match

  • Competitors shall give a fist-palm salute when they are introduced to the audience.
  • Each round shall start with a fist-palm salute on the platform from both sides to their respective coaches, who shall answer with the same salute.
  • Each bout shall start with an exchange of fist-palm salute between the two sides.
  • At the announcement of the result, the two competitors shall exchange their positions. After the announcement, they shall give a fist-palm salute to each other and then simultaneously to the platform judge, who shall answer with the same salute, and then to the opponent’s coach, who shall answer with the same salute.
  • Sideline judges shall exchange fist-palm salute at the time of replacement.

Match Time

Participants in pools up to and including 16 years fight 2×2 minutes. Older participants fight 2×3 minutes.

What is allowed and not allowed

Participants in pools up to and including 16 years are not allowed to use techniques to the head. Participants in the other pools are allowed to use techniques to the head.

Scoring Criteria

A competitor will be awarded two (2) points

  • When the opponent walks out of the square;
  • When he remains standing while the opponent falls down ;
  • When he hits the opponentʼs head or trunk with the leg technique; only from 18 years or older.
  • When he makes the opponent fall down by falling down himself on purpose, only to get to his feet by means of a follow-through;
  • When the opponent is given a forcible counting; and When the opponent receives a warning.
    A competitor will be awarded one (1) point
    When he hits the opponentʼs head or trunk with the fist technique; only from 18 years or older.
  • When he hits the opponentʼs thigh with the leg technique;
  • When he falls down after the opponent:
  • When he makes the opponent fall down by falling down himself on purpose, without being able to get to his feet by means of a follow-through;
  • When the opponent fails to attack within eight (8) seconds after the order for appointed attack;
  • When the opponent fails to get to his feet within three (3) seconds after falling down on purpose
  • When the opponent receives an admonition,
    No point will be awarded to a competitor
  • When the techniques he uses are not clean and effective;
  • When both sides fall on or off the platform at the same time;
  • When the opponent falls on purpose as a fighting technique;
  • When he hits the opponent in a clinch.

Stopping the Contest

The contest shall be stopped

  • When a competitor walks on or off the platform (except for a purposeful fall);
  • When a competitor is penalized;.
  • When a competitor is injured.
  • When the competitors hold each other in a clinch for more than two (2) seconds without launching effective attacks, or any attack at all, or run away passively;
  • When a competitor falls on purpose and remains down for more than three (3) seconds;
  • When a competitor raises his hand to request a stop of the fighting for objective reasons;
  • When the head judge corrects a misjudgment or omission.
  • When some problem or dangerous incident happens on the platform;
  • When competition is interrupted by some unforeseen troubles with the lighting or the competition area; and When no attack is launched for eight (8) seconds after the order for appointed attack.

Fouls and Penalties

A competitor commits a technical foul

  • When he holds the opponent passively or runs away passively;
  • When he raises his hand to request to stop the bout in a disadvantageous situation;
  • When he delays the fight intentionally;
  • When he acts impolitely towards the judges or disobeys their decisions;
  • When he wears no gum shield or spits out his gum shield, or loosens his protective gear intentionally; and
  • When he fails to observe the protocol.

A competitor commits a personal foul:

  • When he attacks the opponent before the call of “Kaishi (Start)!” or after the call of “Ting (Stop)!”
  • When he hits the opponent on prohibited areas;
  • When he hits the opponent with any prohibited method.

Penalties:

  • An admonition will be given for a technical foul.
  • A warning will be given for a personal foul.
  • A competitor with three (3) personal fouls will be disqualified from the bout.
  • A competitor who hurts the opponent intentionally will be disqualified from the whole competition, with all his results annulled.
  • A competitor who uses prohibited substances or inhaling oxygen during the rest
    period will be disqualified from the whole competition, with all his results annulled.

Determination of Wins and Losses

Absolute victory:

  • In a one-sided bout, the technically stronger will be declared the winner of the bout by the platform judge with the refereeʼs approval.
  • During a bout, the competitor whose opponent has been knocked down and fails to get to his feet within ten (10) seconds after receiving heavy blows (except for personal fouls), or who has managed to get to his feet but remains in an abnormal state of consciousness, will be declared the winner of the bout.
  • During a bout , the competitor whose opponent has been forcibly counted three times after receiving heavy blows (except for personal fouls), will be declared the winner of the bout.
    Determination of the winner of a round:
  • The result of each round will be decided by the side judges.
  • During a round, the competitor whose opponent has been forcibly counted two (2) times after receiving heavy blows (except for personal fouls), will be declared the winner of the round.
  • During a round, the competitor whose opponent falls off the platform two (2) times, will be declared the winner of the bout.
  • In case of an equal number of points awarded in a round, the winner will be decided in the following order:
  • The competitor with fewer warnings will be declared the winner.
  • The competitor with fewer admonitions will be declared the winner.
  • The competitor with a lighter weight on the day of the contest will be declared the winner.
  • If the tie remains, the round goes as a draw.

Determination of the winner of a bout:

  • The competitor who wins two rounds will be the winner of the bout.
  • During the fighting, if a competitor is injured or ill and, as certified by the doctor, unable to continue the competition, the opponent will be declared the winner of the bout
  • During the fighting, if a competitor feigns injury in a foul committed by the opponent – an injury as later proved by medical supervisors to be a mere cheat, the fouling side will be declared the winner of the bout.
  • The competitor who is injured by the opponent in a foul and, as confirmed by medical supervisors, unable to continue the fight, will be declared the winner of the bout, but he will be barred from subsequent contests.
  • Under the round-robin system, an equal number of rounds won by the two sides in a bout will be declared a draw.
    Under the elimination system, an equal number of rounds will be handled as follows:
  • The competitor with fewer warnings will be declared the winner.
  • The competitor with fewer admonitions will be declared the winner. If the tie remains, an additional round will be held.